The Puppy Protection Act of 2001 (PPA) began the long and continuing effort by the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), Doris Day Animal League (DDAL), and PETA to regulate breeders of dogs and cats at the retail level.
Sen. Rick Santorum (R-PA) introduced S. 1478, the Puppy Protection Act of 2001 on October 1, 2001. Rep. Edward Whitfield (R-KY) introduced a similar bill in the House. The legislation would amend the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) with strict regulations on retail breeders.
The PPA required the federal government to set standards for when to breed and how frequently to breed dogs. Currently the Animal Welfare Act does not regulate breeding practices for any species regulated under the Act, and the PPA would have set a dangerous precedent giving the federal government control over the breeding of domestic animals.
The PPA required the federal government to establish and enforce “socialization” standards for puppies and dogs.
The PPA’s "three strikes and you're out provision" would subject breeders to automatic license revocation for three undefined violations in eight years unless "extraordinary extenuating circumstances" exist, a provision that could easily lead to administrative abuse.
Case Law Doris Day Animal League v. Veneman Doris Day Animal League (DDAL) has been intent on regulating private in-home breeders who sell retail. Their belief is that everyone who breeds even one litter and sells from their home premises should be regulated. As USDA/APHIS currently only regulates commercial (wholesale) sellers DDAL filed suit against USDA contending that current regulation by the USDA was in violation of the Animal Welfare Act.